The relationship between interprofessional collaboration and the optimization of Health Care mediated by the Education Through Work for Health Program (PET-Saúde)
INTRODUCTION: In the current health context, interprofessional collaboration is privileged, when different professionals interact with each other, sharing knowledge and practices, to make the patient care more complete. The Education through Work for Health Program (PET-Saúde) emerged as an important device, aimed to strengthen teaching-service-community integration actions related to this theme. AIM: Visualize, in the practical field of health care networks, how interprofessional collaboration occurs; apprehend the intrinsic concepts of the collaborative practice, corroborating to the construction of a more integrative academic and professional formation and focused on holistic care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The group composed of professors and academics from courses in the health area at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) -Campus Macaé, made numerous visits to three health units in Macaé / RJ, where the preceptors that integrate the group are located: Macaé Public Hospital, Diabetes Reference Center and Family Health Strategy Barra-Brasília. Such visits aimed at the immersion of the students in these places, allowing the acquisition of criticality when analyzing the interprofessional and interpersonal relationships in these sectors. Before and after practical experiences, the group discussed topics related to interprofessional collaboration, emphasizing the students' observations regarding the visited networks. The discussions were based on bibliographies that address the nuances of collaborative work at different levels of health care on personal and professional experiences of the preceptors and teachers that compose the group. RESULTS: The nursing, nutrition, medicine and pharmacy graduatings were inserted in an interprofessional perspective since the period of academic formation. Based on the experiences obtained, the group prepared a chapter for each site of the municipal health network visited where the relations between the levels of health care and the presence of situations that improve or limit the most integrated professional interaction models were assessed. As a result of the theoretical-practical activities developed, the implementation of a discipline at UFRJ about interprofessional collaboration was traced to establish, from an academic background, concepts about collaborative practices. CONCLUSION: Based on the group learning process marked by thematic discussions, visits and chapters writing, the importance of the applicability of team awareness and interdisciplinarity to achieve a more integrative health care model was remarked. Thus, interprofessional collaboration should be treated as a fundamental practice at all levels of care, in order to enhance the work practices and allow the graduation of professionals more focused on collaborative competences.
Copyright (c) 2021 Anatomy Society of the Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.