Epidemiological analysis of face trauma in pediatric patient
INTRODUCTION: Face injuries, whatever the patient's age, need for excessive attention from those who care for them, especially infant patients, since their arrival at the emergency service is dramatic and worrying. Being a different organism from the adult, the child reacts differently to facial trauma. AIM: To determine the prevalence of pediatric trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analyze the occurrence of pediatric patients, victims of facial trauma, during the three years, on Tuesday day and Friday night at the Buco Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology service in the emergency department of Hospital da Restauração (Emergency Room), in Recife-Pernambuco. RESULTS: There were 516 analyzed cases occurred in children and adolescents that demonstrated that fractures of the facial skeleton are uncommon in pediatric patients. This low reduction has been explained by the high elasticity of the children's bones, by the size of the smaller face in relation to the head and by the reduction of the children to the exposure of greater trauma.CONCLUSION: The increase in urban violence has led to the hospital a large number of patients who are victims of facial injuries, requiring increasingly specialized of the health professionals to provide better care and reduce morbidity and mortality, also reducing the aesthetic and functional sequelae and returning the patient more quickly to their daily activities.
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