Confronting strategies in COVID-19 pandemic among health students
INTRODUCTION: In the current pandemic context, face-to-face activities were interrupted in various sectors of society, including educational activities. In ordinance, the Ministry of Education agreed the teaching of online classes by digital platforms in order to avoid social contact, valuing the health of students. In this scenario, it is necessary to know if the students are actually exercising the recommendations given by health agencies to reduce contagion. AIM: To describe the main measures to cope with the pandemic, carried out by health students. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted at a private college in the city of Recife, with a total of 77 responses in an electronic form. The form was structured with closed and multiple choice questions, related to the socioeconomic profile of the students, and the preventive actions adopted by the students to cope with COVID-19. The study was approved by an ethics committee (No. 4,076,216). The research database was analyzed descriptively based on the percentage distribution of the answers. RESULTS: Of the 77 interviewees, the majority were from the 5th period of graduation, with a mean age of 23.4 years, 15.6% belonged to the risk group, which, according to the Ministry of Health (2020), includes individuals with diabetes, heart diseases and/or severe lung diseases. These have low immunity, being susceptible to contract the virus that can generate respiratory failure. The individuals in the sample accept isolation because they believe that the situation is serious. About 78% of students show fear of contracting the virus, as there is no vaccine against COVID-19. Accordingly, there is an increase in fake news related to the theme, 73% of students received it, so 81% investigate information in official data sources. Regarding prevention measures, it was observed that the majority have followed the guidelines of the World Health Organization and the main practices adopted by the students are the use of alcohol in gel and hand washing, measures considered effective for the prevention of COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Furthermore, it can be considered that despite uncertainties regarding the duration of the pandemic and the deleterious effects of social isolation on mental health, students have been able to maintain a safe prevention routine, corroborating the global coping movement with a view to significantly reducing the number of cases and deaths worldwide.
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