Wounds and COVID-19: Epidemiological profile of people following with the complex wound management team
INTRODUCTION: We are currently immersed in an epidemic of a new coronavirus, having been declared pandemic in March 2020, starting in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. In Brazil, the northern region is responsible for 17.7% of cases, most states in the Amazon (BRASIL, 2020). Many unknowns still permeate the disease, however, it is a consensus that there are groups of risks that should be addressed by the health service, in this context, the complex wounds that usually affect patients with diabetes and circulatory problems, should be investigated in the context of the epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To describe the number of cases with Covid 19 in people with complex wounds monitored by a Complex Wounds Management Team. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a quantitative study of the documentary type, using secondary data with a database made available by the Team of Management in Complex Wounds - TIGESFC that attend this public, in a Basic Health Unit of a Federal University. The period of analysis was from March to June. Data analysis was descriptive. As this is a study that did not directly involve human beings, with data collected electronically, there was no evaluation by an ethics committee. RESULTS: Of the 35 active patients before the epidemic, 25.7% (9) were contaminated by COVID 19, 33% (3) were contaminated during hospitalization due to wound infection and the need for surgical debridement procedure, 44% (4) counted on someone with Covid 19 in the last 14 days and 22% (1) don't know. As for color, 33% (3) white, 55% (5) brown and 12% (1) black, aged 22% (2) aged 30 to 39 years, 22% (2) aged 40 to 49 years and 56% (5) over 50 years old, with a mean age of 47.8 (SD = 8.2) and the presence of morbidities, 100% (9) were diabetic. As for Covid, the mean time of symptoms was 9.1 (SD = 5.4), the symptoms evidenced were fever in 62.5% (5), cough 25% (2), runny nose 37.5% (3 ), chest pain 25% (2) and 50% (4) headache, with 100% (9) recovered as an outcome. Regarding the wounds, 45% (4) had amputation of the hallux or one or more metatarsals, 44% (4) in the heel, 11% (1) plantar region of the foot, and 33% (3) are still with ulcer active, and 67% (6) healed during the epidemic. CONCLUSION: The data were considered positive, since there were no deaths associated with Covid, with 100% recovery among those affected by the disease.
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