Overview of COVID-19 in the federation and the brazilian states during the period from march to june 2020
INTRODUCTION: As of March 20, 2020, the Ministry of Health of Brazil recognized the community transmission of the coronavirus, encouraging measures of social isolation. However, national and supranational epidemiological analyzes show the Brazilian government's failure to contain the spread of the virus. These analyzes considered an increasing mortality rate and an increasing number of new cases. AIM: To analyze the current panorama of cases and deaths accumulated by the COVID-19 in Brazilian states and in the federation.MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the epidemiological study, data were collected, tabulated and interpreted from the Ministry of Health (SARS-COV-2) in the panel of disease cases by the COVID-19 on March 13, 2020 to June 10, 2020. Subsequently, the MicrosoftⓇ Excel 365 program was used, calculating the accumulated incidence per 100 thousand inhabitants and the mortality rate of the disease, concluding with the construction of the graphs. RESULTS: The data showed that in the period analyzed, cases increased from 5,717 cases at the end of March to 77,2416 on 10 June. The incidence in the federation, for every hundred thousand inhabitants, was between 2.7 and 245.3 cases, with emphasis on the State of Amazonas with an exponential increase in the analyzed period (1.1 to 1759.4). The states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro showed a deceleration in the rate of increase, even though they had the highest initial rates, starting to occupy the 14th and 18th positions, respectively, on June 10. At the same time, the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and Minas Gerais showed lowest mortality rates throughout the period. The mortality rate in the country varied between 0.1 and 18.9, with emphasis on the states of Amazonas and Pará due to the increase (0 to 57 and 0 to 45 respectively), while the southern region remained with the rate lower than 3, in the same period. CONCLUSION: There was a heterogeneity in the control of the spread of COVID-19 in the national territory, shown by the variance of 267.07 in the mortality rate. The data also showed an accumulated incidence in the studied period with a visible change increase the concentration of cases to the north and northeast region of Brazil.
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