Epidemiological profile of femur fractures in Brazil between 2016 and 2020
INTRODUCTION: The fracture in the femur occurs when there is a rupture in the thigh bone, being more frequent in the elderly due to the weakening of their bones. Although it usually causes a lot of pain, if it is small it can be identified by other symptoms such as difficulty in moving the leg, swelling or bruising. Depending on the location, it can be divided into two types: that of the neck of the femur, which is located in the region that connects to the hip, and may occur in the elderly due to a simple twist in the leg when walking and that of the body of the femur that is in the part of the bone, so it needs more impact to happen. This fracture can be classified as stable and dislocated taking into account the alignment of the bone and also as oblique or transverse depending on the follow of the fracture line. AIM: To describe the epidemiological profile of Femoral Fractures among the elderly between 2016 and 2020. METHODS: This is a retrospective quantitative descriptive epidemiological study, through data collection from the SUS Hospital Information System, available for consultation. at the Informatics Department of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). RESULTS: Between the years 2016-2020, 446,770 cases of hospitalizations due to fractures in the femur were observed, most frequently in the Southeast and South regions, with 128,543 and 47,326 cases, respectively. In Brazil, more than half of these cases occur in the elderly, representing a total of 248,792 cases, corresponding to a total expenditure on hospital costs in the amount of R $ 558,307,158.17. In these cases, the total mortality rate is 5.23, which corresponds to 13 thousand deaths since the beginning of the evaluated period. CONCLUSION: The increase in the number of fractures in the femur over time is directly related to the increase in the elderly, since it is natural to lose bone mass during aging. This increase in life expectancy occurs mainly in the Southeast and South regions, which is why these areas have a greater number of cases. However, basic measures can be taken, such as family or caregiver assistance 24 hours a day, use of walking sticks and also the replacement of vitamins, to decrease the number of patients due to fractures in the femur, since surgery in the elderly is more risky.
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