Epidemiological profile of oropharynx cancer in brazilian northest
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is an important public health problem, being a disease characterized by the disordered (malignant) growth of cells that invade tissues and organs and that can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body, such as related neoplasms the mouth affects the lips and the interior of the oral cavity, but despite recent advances in treatment, the survival rate of patients affected by this type of cancer is still low and the mortality rate is high, mainly due to recurrences and metastases after treatment. AIM: The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of cases of oropharynx cancer mortality in brazilian northest. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an epidemiological, cross-sectional, descriptive study with data collected in DATASUS according to the cancer mortality rates in the oropharynx region and adjusted for age by the Brazilian population in 2010, per 100,000, according to sex, range age, location and in the period from 2010 to 2017. RESULTS: According to the data collected, there were a total of 2748 cases, 2178 (79.25%) of which were male, 570 (20.74%) were female. The increasing order of cases with the largest number by states in the Northeastern was, respectively, Piauí 101 cases (3.67%); Alagoas 116 (4.22%); Sergipe 117 (4.25%); Maranhão 144 (5.24%); Rio Grande do Norte 194 (7.05%); Paraíba 204 (7.42%); Ceará 438 (15.93%); Pernambuco 538 (19.57%); Bahia 896 (32.6%). The prevalence was also observed according to age, in men aged 50-59 years, whereas in women the greatest number of cases was after 80 years old. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the northeastern state that had a higher prevalence of mortality cases, from the oropharynx region, was the state of Bahia, occupying more than 30% and the state that had the lowest number of cases was Piauí totaling just over 3% of the cases and that almost 4 men are killed by this type of neoplasia for every 1 woman, and the most apparent age in men was 50-59 years old and in women it was after 80 years old.
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