Epidemiological profile of acute myocardial infarction in Brazil between 2010 and 2020
INTRODUCTION: Acute myocardial infarction (MRI) is considered one of the cardiovascular diseases that kill the most in the world. Characterized as necrosis of a part of the muscle tissue due to lack of blood irrigation and oxygenation, this obstruction may occur either by accumulation of fat in the arteries and as a result of an Embolism. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological profile of acute myocardial infarction Brazil between 2010 and 2020. METHODS: This is a study quantitative descriptive epidemiological, of the retrospective type, whose data collection was through the SUS Hospital Information System, available for consultation at the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). RESULTS: Between 2010-2020, there were 1,036,302 hospitalizations for acute infarction of the representing a total expenditure of R$ 3,662,831,550.04. In this period of 10 years, there was a high prevalence of the number of cases in males, white race/color, and age 60 64 years, as this condition usually occurs due to environmental risk factors acquired over age. The regions with the largest number of hospitalizations were in the Southeast and south, with 521,577 and 205,483 cases, Respectively. In relation to the total number of procedures performed, 951,221 were performed as a matter of urgency and 85,081 as elective, with the average of total length of stay of 7.4 days and the total mortality rate of 11.38, approximately 117,907 deaths. CONCLUSION: Acute myocardial infarction has a high prevalence in the country, with an increase in the number of hospitalizations each year, these are mostly urgent, considering that revascularization in most cases, it is necessary for patient survival. As a high morbidity and mortality, there is a great need for more efficient techniques and treatment of these patients, so that there is no damage from organ ischemia and death. In addition, improvements are needed in the prevention, promotion and rehabilitation of health, in a way that favors the reduction of risk factors and a better quality of life for the patient.
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