Epidemiological and demographic profile of cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma in brazilian northeast
INTRODUCTION: The squamous cell carcinoma, it is one of the most common malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity. The most affected anatomical sites are the lateral edges of the tongue and the floor of the mouth. The etiology of squamous cell carcinoma may be related to both smoking and alcoholism. Its clinical form usually appears as a painless ulcer at the edge of the tongue or at the mouth floor. AIM: To analyze the prevalence of cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and floor of the mouth analyzing the history of drink consumption according to sex and age in brazilian northeast. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an epidemiological, cross-sectional study, with data collected at the National Cancer Institute (INCA) according to the National Cancer Registry (RHC) of people who had squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and floor of the mouth relating alcohol consumption, in brazilian northeast, from the last 8 years available on the site, from 2010 to 2017 according to age and sex. RESULTS: There were a total of 4691 cases, 3426 cases (73.03%) of which were male, 1265 (26.96%) were female. The ascending order with the highest number of cases by states in the Northeast was, respectively, Maranhão 133 cases (2.83%); Sergipe 200 (4.26%); Piauí (4.30%); Alagoas 309 (6.58%); Rio Grande do Norte 386 (8.22%); Paraíba 398 (8.48%); Ceará 757 (16.13%); Pernambuco 988 (21.06%) and Bahia 1318 cases (28.09%), of these cases 2226 (47.5%) are related to and 898 (19%) cases did not have this relationship and 1567 ( 33.5%) cases are not related to drinking or there was no record or no relationship, according to the RHC. CONCLUSION: It can be seen that the highest number of cases of squamous cell carcinoma was the state of Bahia, occupying almost thirty percent of the cases and the state that had the lowest number of cases was Maranhão, with just over two percent of cases registered with the INCA at the RHC and according to the analysis there are more than two men for each woman with squamous cell carcinoma in the northeast and it was seen that out of three cases there are almost two and a half cases proving that there is a relationship with the drink.
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