Nursing practices in the prevention of sexually transmitted infections for men's health
INTRODUCTION: Sexually acquired infections can be caused by more than 30 etiologic agents and are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact and blood. Many infections can remain asymptomatic, facilitating spread. The diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections has increased considerably in the past ten years, and the highest infection rates are found among young people, men who have sex with men and certain populations of black ethnic minority. In this context, critical issues related to men's sexual health have emerged, issues that can be addressed with appropriate healthcare measures and education. AIM: Identify nursing practices to educate men on the prevention of sexual transmitted of infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work is a narrative search of the literature carried out in the first semester of 2020, through the Virtual Health Library, using Health Science Descriptors pre-established by the Brazilian Health Authority; descriptors such as “Men's Health”, “Health Control of Communicable Diseases”, and “Nursing Care” were used. The original articles that were selected had to meet inclusion criteria such as being in both Portuguese and English, being indexed, and being published in the period from 2016 to 2020. RESULTS:Studies indicate that men with similar sexual practices that include risky behaviors, including a significant number of men who do not always use condoms are more likely to acquire sexually transmitted infections. In addition, most of them do not use the public health care system and have never been tested for the human immunodeficiency virus. CONCLUSION: Given the above, men that assume risky behaviors, such as not using condoms when engaged in multiple sexual relationships, are more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections. Thus, it is necessary for nurses to educate men on self-care in sexual relationships, and promote actions that encourage men to follow guidelines for preventing sexual health problems.
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