Patients assaulted by cold weapons in an emergency room in Recife, Pernambuco: a statistical analysis
INTRODUCTION: Accidents involving the face have an increasing incidence in the last four decades and interpersonal violence is one of the main causes of facial trauma. Its etiology is associated with factors such as age, gender and social class. AIM: To statistically analyze, through a retrospective study, patients who were victims of facial trauma by sing gun at the Restauração Hospital in Recife/PE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, approved by the local ethics committee, in 8759 patient records, in order to determine the etiology and epidemiology of facial trauma by cold weapons patients, over a period of four years. RESULTS: The 8,759 patients were analyzed, 4548 (51.9%) were victims of facial trauma, most of them male (72.0%), melanoderma (77.6%) and age between 21 and 30 years (28.1%). The main etiological factors related to this type of trauma were traffic accidents (37.2%), falls (30.6%) and physical aggressions (23.0%). Finally, of a portion of 1048 cases related to physical aggression, 11.7% corresponds to aggression stemming from cold weapon, being below only beating (63.6%) and firearm assaults (18.7%). CONCLUSION: Therefore, facial trauma smeared frequent and should be prevented through strategies aimed at mitigating the increasing interpersonal violence. For the same reason, the lesions should be treated according to their extent, depth, degree of contamination, etiological agent and trauma time, aiming at better aesthetic-functional results.
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